Egyptian, Pa-Tum, "house of Tum," the sun-god, one of the "treasure" cities built for Pharaoh Rameses II. by the Israelites (Ex. 1:11). It was probably the Patumos of the Greek historian Herodotus. It has now been satisfactorily identified with Tell-el-Maskhuta, about 12 miles west of Ismailia, and 20 east of Tel-el-Kebir, on the southern bank of the present Suez Canal. Here have recently (1883) been discovered the ruins of supposed grain-chambers, and other evidences to show that this was a great "store city." Its immense ruin-heaps show that it was built of bricks, and partly also of bricks without straw. Succoth (Ex. 12:37) is supposed by some to be the secular name of this city, Pithom being its sacred name. This was the first halting-place of the Israelites in their exodus. It has been argued (Dr. Lansing) that these "store" cities "were residence cities, royal dwellings, such as the Pharaohs of old, the Kings of Israel, and our modern Khedives have ever loved to build, thus giving employment to the superabundant muscle of their enslaved peoples, and making a name for themselves."

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Pithom — (, Ptol. v. 17. § 1, Latin: Heroopoliticus Sinus ) which runs up the Egyptian mainland as far as Arsinoë (near modern Suez) (polytonic|κόλπος Ἡρώων); the modern Gulf of Suez. (Theophrast. Hist. Plant. iii. 8.) It was the capital of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Pithôm — Ville d Égypte antique Noms en égyptien ancien Per Atoum (pr Tm(w)) en grec Heroon polis Actuellement Tell er Retabeh …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pithom — Pithôm Article de la série Lieux égyptiens Lieux Nomes / Villes Monuments / Temples Région Basse Égypte / Moyenne Égypte Haute Égypte / Nubie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • PITHOM — (Egyptian Per Atum, House of the god Atum ), a city mentioned once in the Bible (Ex. 1:11) as one of the two treasury cities (see also ramses ) which the Israelites were forced to build for Pharaoh. The identification of Pithom with the site of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Pithom — (ägypt. Pi Atum, d.h. Haus des Gottes Tum, griech. Pathumos, später Heroonpolis), Stadt in der nordägyptischen Landschaft Gosen (dem heutigen Wadi Tumilât), bei deren Bauten die Juden nach 2. Mos. 1,11 angeblich Frondienste leisten mußten. Die im …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pithom — (ägypt. Pitum), alte Stadt in Unterägypten im östl. Delta, bei deren Bau angeblich die Juden Frondienste geleistet haben; Ruinen bei Tell el Maschuta (im Wâdi Tumilât) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Pithom — Pithom,   ägyptisch Per Atum [»Haus des Gottes Atum«], im Altertum Hauptstadt des achten unterägyptischen Gaues im östlichen Delta. Nach biblischer Überlieferung (2. Mose 1, 11) leisteten die Juden bei ihrem Bau Frondienste; wahrscheinlich… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Pithom — Tjeku in Hieroglyphen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pithom — /puy theuhm/, n. one of the two cities built by Israelite slaves in Egypt. Ex. 1:11. Cf. Raamses. * * * ▪ ancient city, Egypt Egyptian  Per Atum  or  Per Tum (“Estate of Atum”) , probably modern  Tall al Maskhūṭah        ancient Egyptian (Egypt,… …   Universalium

  • Pithom —    In Jewish lore, a SERPENT DEMON summoned for prophecy. Pithom is mentioned in the Talmud. The demon is human in form, with his head resting on his breast between his shoulders. He utters oracular pronouncements from his armpits or with his… …   Encyclopedia of Demons and Demonology

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